May 6 – 10, 2024
Europe/Rome timezone

Seismic noise characterisation at ET candidate sites

Not scheduled


Presentation Site Characterisation / Preparation Board (SCB/SPB) SCB/SPB


Andreas Rietbrock Mike Lindner


Over the last year, we calculated seismic noise levels at borehole stations and corresponding surface stations to estimate appropriate levels and daily, weekly, and annual variations. In summary, we find that all sites reach a noise level below 1e-7 m/s2/√Hz on average but show distinct frequency peaks in PSD/PPSD reaching higher values. The Meuse–Rhine Euroregio and Lausitz sites show a clear dependency on the noise level due to cultural noise (day-night, weekdays-weekends). Sardinia sees the overall lowest noise values between 2-14Hz but also a significant increase of noise at lower frequencies is observed. At the underground laboratory at Sos Enattos, the seismic noise level is increased in comparison to the close by borehole stations but still below Meuse–Rhine Euroregio and Lausitz. There is an urgent need for full characterization of the incoming seismic noise wave field and seismic noise sources inside the possible ET footprint for an evaluation of the sensitivity on the proposed Einstein Telescope at all possible sites.

Primary authors

Andreas Rietbrock Dr Michael Frietsch (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie KIT-GPI) Carlo Giunchi (INGV) Dr Thomas Forbriger (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie KIT-GPI) Mike Lindner Matteo Di Giovanni (La Sapienza Università di Roma - INFN Roma) Luca Naticchioni Dr Shahar Shani-Kadmiel (TU Delft)

Presentation materials