Gravitational wave detection at the Moon Workshop

Villa Finaly (Italy)

Villa Finaly



A gravitational-wave (GW) experiment called the Lunar Surface Gravimeter (LSG) was deployed on the Moon in 1972 by the Apollo 17 crew. Its function was to observe vibrations of the Moon caused by passing GWs. The development of this experiment was led by Joseph Weber who is considered the founding father of experimental GW detection with his invention of resonant-bar GW detectors. A design flaw greatly limited the scientific scope of the LSG, and it was not possible to observe GWs (a detection would have been highly unlikely even with a working experiment). Still, the idea remains intriguing since it is well-known from Apollo seismic data that the Moon is an exceptionally quiet place providing ideal conditions for the search of GWs.

The renewed interest in lunar exploration as evidenced by NASA’s Artemis program and its commercial payload services, ESA’s commitment to the European Large Logistics Lander, and China’s Chang’e missions opens new opportunities also for ambitious lunar science missions. Gravitational-wave physics is also among the main themes of ESA's Voyage 2050 report.  Recently, three teams independently proposed lunar GW detector concepts: The Gravitational-Wave Lunar Observatory for Cosmology (GLOC) the Lunar Gravitational-Wave Antenna (LGWA), and the Lunar Seismic and Gravitational Antenna (LSGA). GLOC is a laser-interferometric concept and therefore lies technologically close to the currently operating ground-based GW detectors. LGWA and LSGA exploit the response of the Moon to GWs. LGWA foresees the use of seismometers to monitor surface vibrations caused by GWs, while LSGA foresees the use of optical fibers.

The workshop will provide a forum to discuss the potential of lunar GW detectors to produce breakthrough science and for the development of revolutionary lunar and planetary exploration technologies. Its goal is to bring together supporters of the lunar GW detector concepts with leaders of the GW community, lunar exploration, and planetary science for an open discussion of technological risks and scientific opportunities. Round table discussions will be organized about possible synergies with other proposed and approved future GW detectors like Einstein Telescope, Cosmic Explorer, and LISA.

Jan Harms Karan Jani Stavros Katsanevas
GSSI Vanderbilt University EGO
    Université de Paris



  • Aaron Tohuvavohu
  • Alba Domi
  • Alessandro Parisi
  • Ana Carolina Oliveira
  • Andrea Maselli
  • Andrea Perali
  • Andrea Possenti
  • Andreas Haungs
  • Antonios Manousakis
  • Argyro Sasli
  • Athena Chalari
  • Augusto Marcelli
  • Bernard Kelly
  • Bradley Kavanagh
  • Christophe Collette
  • David Shoemaker
  • demosthenes Kazanas
  • Efrain Perez-Solis
  • Elena Codazzo
  • Elena Pian
  • Enrico Bozzo
  • Enrico Cappellaro
  • Evgenia Manolidou - Chatzi
  • Francesca Badaracco
  • Geoffrey Compère
  • George Pappas
  • Gianangelo Bracco
  • Gianluca Di Rico
  • He Wang
  • Henry Wong
  • Hong-Bo Jin
  • Jacopo Tissino
  • Jaewan Kim
  • Jan Harms
  • Jiageng Jiao
  • John J. Oh
  • Joris van Heijningen
  • Jose Cembranos
  • Karan Jani
  • Kathleen Turner
  • Kiranjyot Gill
  • Koji Nagano
  • lavinia heisenberg
  • lorella angelini
  • Lorenzo Betti
  • Mairi Sakellariadou
  • mandeep gill
  • Marcel ter Brake
  • Marianna Safronova
  • Marica Branchesi
  • Mark Wieczorek
  • Martin Sahlén
  • Massimo Della Valle
  • Matteo Di Giovanni
  • Michael Coughlin
  • Nandita Khetan
  • Nikolaos Stergioulas
  • Paola Severgnini
  • Patrice Verdier
  • Philippe Lognonné
  • Preet Baxi
  • Robert Fisher
  • Roberto Serafinelli
  • Ruggero Stanga
  • Ryosuke Sugimoto
  • Sarah Shandera
  • Seiji Kawamura
  • Shichao Wu
  • Silvano Tosi
  • Silvia Piranomonte
  • Simone Dell'Agnello
  • Slava Turyshev
  • Slawek Gras
  • Stavros Katsanevas
  • Stefano Benetti
  • Stefano Covino
  • Surendra Nadh Somala
  • Szabolcs Marka
  • Takahiro Sawada
  • Tomasz Bulik
  • Tsvi Piran
  • Ulyana Dupletsa
  • Valerio Boschi
  • Vincent Poireau
  • Vladimiro Noce
  • Xing Bian
  • Yi Chi Chang
  • Yu-Dai Tsai
  • Yuka Oshima
  • Yuta Michimura
  • Zijian Wang
  • Thursday, 14 October
    • 8:45 AM 9:00 AM
      Welcome 15m
      Speaker: Alessandro De Pedys (MAECI)
    • 9:00 AM 11:00 AM
      Moon Geoscience
      • 9:00 AM
        Overview of lunar interior structure and evolution 30m
        Speaker: M. Wieczorek
      • 9:30 AM
        The lunar seismic environment 30m
        Speaker: R. Garcia
      • 10:00 AM
        Farside Seismic Suite 30m
        Speaker: P. Lognonné
      • 10:30 AM
        Discussion on Moon Structure 30m
    • 11:00 AM 11:30 AM
      Coffee 30m
    • 11:00 AM 7:30 PM
      GW on Earth, Space and the Moon
      • 11:30 AM
        LISA 30m
        Speaker: S. Vitale
      • 12:00 PM
        DECIGO 30m
        Speaker: S. Kawamura
      • 12:30 PM
        High Energy Astrophysics satellites, synergies 30m
        Speaker: L. Piro
      • 1:00 PM
        Lunch 1h
      • 2:00 PM
        Science potential of terrestrial GW detectors 30m
        Speaker: Salvatore Vitale
      • 2:30 PM
        LISA Science 30m
        Speaker: TBC
      • 3:00 PM
        Decihertz Gravitational waves , The Missing Link 30m
        Speaker: K. Jani
      • 3:30 PM
        Toward an Italian roadmap for lunar exploration - the Italian white paper initiative 30m
        Speaker: Francesca Esposito
      • 4:00 PM
        Coffee 30m
      • 4:30 PM
        LGWA concept and science potential 30m
        Speaker: J. Harms
      • 5:00 PM
        LSGA concept and physics potential 30m
        Speaker: S. Katsanevas
      • 5:30 PM
        GLOC concept and physics potential 30m
        Speaker: K. Jani
      • 6:00 PM
        FARSIDE lunar radio telescope 30m
        Speaker: J. Burns
      • 6:30 PM
        Discussion on lunar proposals 30m
      • 7:00 PM
        Stochastic Gravitational Waves, Earth/Space 30m
        Speaker: M. Sakellariadou
    • 8:00 PM 9:30 PM
      Dinner 1h 30m
  • Friday, 15 October
    • 9:00 AM 3:30 PM
      • 9:00 AM
        OVBB 20m
        Speaker: S. de Raucourt
      • 9:20 AM
        Watt's linkage for lunar GW detection 20m
        Speaker: J. van Heijningen
      • 9:40 AM
        Optical fibers for seismic measurements 20m
        Speaker: S. Shatalin
      • 10:00 AM
        Sorption-based cooling technology 20m
        Speaker: M. ter Brake
      • 10:20 AM
        Lunar surface laser ranging in PSRs for GW detection 20m
        Speaker: Simone Dell'Agnello
      • 10:40 AM
        Seismic attenuators for the Moon 20m
        Speaker: V. Boschi
      • 11:00 AM
        Coffee 30m
      • 11:30 AM
        Industry session 1h 30m

        Christopher Stott: "Academic-industry partnerships on the Moon"

        - iXblue
        - Silixa

      • 1:00 PM
        Lunch 1h
      • 2:00 PM
        Rover Viper 30m
        Speaker: TBC
      • 2:30 PM
        Discussion on Technologies 1h
    • 3:30 PM 4:00 PM
      Coffee 30m
    • 4:00 PM 7:00 PM
      Agencies point of view
      • 4:00 PM
        GWIC Roadmap 15m
        Speaker: David Shoemaker
      • 4:15 PM
        ESA Topical team Astrophysics 30m
        Speaker: M. Klein-Wolt
      • 4:45 PM
        ESA lunar exploration and science from the Moon 30m
        Speaker: TBC
      • 5:15 PM
        NASA Astrophysics 30m
        Speaker: TBC
      • 5:45 PM
        Discussion with agencies 1h 15m

        DOE, ASI

    • 7:00 PM 7:30 PM
      Conclusions 30m